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Rockstar Dundee (formerly Ruffian Games) is a British video game developer based in Dundee, Scotland. It was founded in April 2008 by Gary Liddon, Billy Thomson, and Gareth Noyce. The company is best known for developing Crackdown 2 and helping with the development of Halo: The Master Chief Collection.

Rockstar Dundee is comprised of 40 employees as of 2020[1] and originally included veterans of the defunct Realtime Worlds, itself founded by former employees of DMA Design. Select members of the studio worked on Grand Theft Auto among other titles.

On October 1, 2020, Ruffian Studios was acquired by Take-Two Interactive and Rockstar Games, becoming a direct subsidiary of the latter. It was renamed Rockstar Dundee; both Liddon and Thomson will remain on-board as studio directors of company.[2]


As Ruffian Games


  1. Ruffian Games' Linkedin page, retrieved October 14 2020.
  2. Rockstar has taken over Master Chief Collection developer Ruffian Games, VideoGameChronicle. Retrieved October 14th, 2020.