The Carcols.dat file sets the colors of vehicles for the 3D Universe and HD Universe games. When a vehicle spawns, it will take any of the colors specified in the carcols file. This is usually selected at random, although many spawns are of specific colors.
The carcols.dat file is located in the "
Data" folder in the 3D Universe, and the "
Common\Data" folder in the HD Universe. It can be modified by any simple text editor.
The file is split up into a COL section (specifying the available colors) and a CAR section (assigning the colors to vehicles).
COL SectionThe file contains the RGB color codes for each color to be used in the file. These colors can be referred to with their ID number, and listed (in pairs) next to each vehicle name to make those colors available for that vehicle (see CAR section). Each game has a separate default pallete of colors, so carcol entries are not generally transferable between games (without the pallete being altered).
Each COL line consists of the RGB value, the name of the color, the prefix and description of the color (used in police radio). After the # is a comment ignored by the game.
88,89,90,dark,grey # 3 pewter gray poly is a dark-gray color, with the RGB code (88,89,90) which the developers called "pewter gray poly". The prefix (dark) and color (gray) are used together in police radio for describing the vehicle the suspect is in.
This is the start of the COL section in the carcols.dat of GTA IV, which begins with the black and gray colors.
col #BLACK's 10,10,10,-,black # 0 black 37,37,39,-,black # 1 black poly #GREYS/SILVERS 101,106,121,-,grey # 2 concord blue poly 88,89,90,dark,grey # 3 pewter gray poly 156,161,163,-,silver # 4 silver stone poly 150,145,140,-,silver # 5 winning silver poly
In total, 134 colors are specified by default in GTA IV. When rendered, the colors are as follows:
Additional colors can be added simply by specifying a new entry in the COL section. This step is often required when installing Vehicle Modifications, to allow the vehicles to use colors not included in the game by default.
The CAR section is for listing the pairs of colors (from the pallete) available for each vehicle.
All vehicles require (at least) two separate colors for each option. Some vehicles can use these multiple colors, whether for separate parts of the body or for decals (signs). All vehicles have some non-colorable textures (such as the interior, fender, wheels). Some vehicles are entirely texture-based and not affected by color (such as the Rhino).
For a vehicle that requires two colors, they are specified in pairs (with a comma after each value and pair). Using the above GTA IV color pallete, this example provides the options for the Kuruma being either black-and-gray (1,5) or red-and-red (33,33):
Kuruma, 1,5 33,33
CAR3 + CAR4
For most of the 3D Universe, vehicles have no more than two colors, and so all have two values (as in the above example). In GTA San Andreas, some vehicles require four colors. Where 4 values are required, these vehicles are listed separately in a CAR4 section.
In GTA IV, all vehicles require a specular (shine) color and thus have 3 values, and so the main CAR section is named CAR3; whilst some also require a fourth color and are listed in CAR4. For example, a CAR4 entry could be:
futo, 32,0,30,1, 0,0,8,133
Trainers and car-spawning utilities can override the color of a vehicle whilst spawning or later, and do not rely entirely on the colours available to that vehicle in the CAR section of carcols. However, they are restricted to the colors available in the COL palette at the top of the carcols file.
On the following pages are the original Carcols.dat files from each game, and a rendering of each game's default color pallete: